About the author

My name is Solène Rapenne. I like to learn and share my knowledge with other. With this blog I can share my experiences and issues. Some of my interests : '(BSD OpenBSD h+ Lisp Emacs cli-tool gaming internet-infrastructure Crossbow). I love % and lambda characters. OpenBSD Developer solene@.

Contact : solene on Freenode or solene+www at dataswamp dot org

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Let's encrypt on OpenBSD in 5 minutes

Written by Solène, on 20 January 2017.
Tags: #letsencrypt #openbsd

Let’s encrypt is a free service which provides free SSL certificates. It is fully automated and there are a few tools to generate your certificates with it. In the following lines, I will just explain how to get a certificate in a few minutes. You can find more informations on Let’s Encrypt website.

To make it simple, the tool we will use will generate some keys on the computer, send a request to Let’s Encrypt service which will use http challenging (there are also dns and another one kind of challenging) to see if you really own the domain for which you want the certificate. If the challenge process is ok, you have the certificate.

Please, if you don’t understand the following commands, don’t type it.

While the following is right for OpenBSD, it may change slightly for others systems. Acme-client is part of the base system, you can read the man page acme-client(1).

Prepare your http server

For each certificate you will ask a certificate, you will be challenged for each domain on the port 80. A file must be available in a path under “/.well-known/acme-challenge/”.

You must have this in your httpd config file. If you use another web server, you need to adapt.

server "mydomain.com" {
    root "/empty"
    listen on * port 80
    location "/.well-known/acme-challenge/*" {
        root { "/acme/" , strip 2 }

The “strip 2” part is IMPORTANT. (I’ve lost 45 minutes figuring out why root “/acme/” wasn’t working.)

Prepare the folders

As stated in acme-client man page and if you don’t need to change the path. You can do the following commands with root privileges :

# mkdir /var/www/acme
# mkdir -p /etc/ssl/acme/private /etc/acme
# chmod 0700 /etc/ssl/acme/private /etc/acme

Request the certificates

As root, in the acme-client sources folder, type the following the generate the certificates. The verbose flag is interesting and you will see if the challenging step work. If it doesn’t work, you should try manually to get a file like with the same path tried from Let’s encrypt, and try again the command when you succeed.

$ acme-client -vNn mydomain.com www.mydomain.com mail.mydomain.com

Use the certificates

Now, you can use your SSL certificates for your mail server, imap server, ftp server, http server…. There is a little drawback, if you generate certificates for a lot of domains, they are all written in the certificate. This implies that if someone visit one page, look at the certificate, this person will know every domain you have under SSL. I think that it’s possible to ask every certificate independently but you will have to play with acme-client flags and make some kind of scripts to automatize this.

Certificate file is located at /etc/ssl/acme/fullchain.pem and contains the full certification chain (as its name is explicit). And the private key is located at /etc/ssl/acme/private/privkey.pem.

Restart the service with the certificate.

Renew certificates

Certificates are valid for 3 months. Just type

./acme-client mydomain.com www.mydomain.com mail.mydomain.com

Restart your ssl services