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My name is Solène Rapenne. I like learning and sharing experiences about IT stuff. Hobbies: '(BSD OpenBSD h+ Lisp cmdline gaming internet-stuff Crossbow). I love % and lambda characters. OpenBSD developer solene@.

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Use ramdisk on /tmp on OpenBSD

Written by Solène, on 08 May 2018.
Tags: #openbsd64 #openbsd

If you have enough memory on your system and that you can afford to use a few hundred megabytes to store temporary files, you may want to mount a mfs filesystem on /tmp. That will help saving your SSD drive, and if you use an old hard drive or a memory stick, that will reduce your disk load and improve performances. You may also want to mount a ramdisk on others mount points like ~/.cache/ or a database for some reason, but I will just explain how to achieve this for /tmp with is a very common use case.

First, you may have heard about tmpfs, but it has been disabled in OpenBSD years ago because it wasn’t stable enough and nobody fixed it. So, OpenBSD has a special filesystem named mfs, which is a FFS filesystem on a reserved memory space. When you mount a mfs filesystem, the size of the partition is reserved and can’t be used for anything else (tmpfs, as the same on Linux, doesn’t reserve the memory).

Add the following line in /etc/fstab (following fstab(5)):

swap /tmp mfs rw,nodev,nosuid,-s=300m 0 0

The permissions of the mountpoint /tmp should be fixed before mounting it, meaning that the ==/tmp== folder on ==/== partition should be changed to 1777:

# umount /tmp
# chmod 1777 /tmp
# mount /tmp

This is required because mount_mfs inherits permissions from the mountpoint.