In this article I will show how to configure OpenSMTPD, the default mail server on OpenBSD, to relay mail sent locally to your smtp server. In pratice, this allows to send mail through “localhost” by the right relay, so it makes also possible to send mail even if your computer isn’t connected to the internet. Once connected, opensmtpd will send the mails.
All you need to understand the configuration and write your own one is in the man page smtpd.conf(5). This is only a highlight on was it possible and how to achieve it.
In OpenBSD 6.4 release, the configuration of opensmtpd changed drasticaly, now you have to defines rules and action to do when a mail match the rules, and you have to define those actions.
In the following example, we will see two kinds of relay, the first is through smtp over the Internet, it’s the most likely you will want to setup. And the other one is how to relay to a remote server not allowing relaying from outside.
table aliases file:/etc/mail/aliases table secrets file:/etc/mail/secrets listen on lo0 action "local" mbox alias <aliases> action "relay" relay action "myserver" relay host smtps://email@example.com auth <secrets> action "openbsd" relay host localhost:2525 match mail-from "@perso.pw" for any action "myserver" match mail-from "@openbsd.org" for any action "openbsd" match for local action "local" match for any action "relay"
I defined 2 actions, one from “myserver”, it has a label “myrelay” and we use
auth <secrets> to tell opensmtpd it needs authentication.
The other action is “openbsd”, it will only relay to localhost on port 2525.
To use them, I define 2 matching rules of the very same kind. If the mail that I want to send match the @domain-name, then choose relay “myserver” or “openbsd”.
The “openbsd” relay is only available when I create a SSH tunnel, binding the
local port 25 of the remote server to my port 2525, with flags
For a relay using authentication, the login and passwords must be defined in
the file /etc/mail/secrets like this:
smtpd.conf(5) explains creation of /etc/mail/secrets like this:
touch /etc/mail/secrets chmod 640 /etc/mail/secrets chown root:_smtpd /etc/mail/secrets
Now, restarts your server. Then if you need to send mails, just use “mail” command or localhost as a smtp server. Depending on your From address, a different relay will be used.
Deliveries can be checked in /var/log/maillog log file.
See mails in queue
doas smtpctl show queue
Try to deliver now
doas smtpctl schedule all