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My name is Solène Rapenne. I like to learn and share my knowledge with other. With this blog I can share my experiences and issues. Some of my interests : '(BSD OpenBSD h+ Lisp Emacs cli-tool gaming internet-infrastructure Crossbow). I love % and lambda characters. OpenBSD Developer solene@.

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Manage ”nice” priority of daemons on OpenBSD

Written by Solène, on 11 September 2018.
Tags: #openbsd64 #highlight

Following a discussion on the OpenBSD mailing list misc, today I will write about how to manage the priority (as in nice priority) of your daemons or services.

In man page rc(8), one can read:

Before init(8) starts rc, it sets the process priority, umask, and
resource limits according to the “daemon” login class as described in
login.conf(5).  It then starts rc and attempts to execute the sequence of
commands therein.

Using /etc/login.conf we can manage some limits for services and daemon, using their rc script name.

For example, to make jenkins at lowest priority (so it doesn’t make troubles if it builds), using this line will set it to nice 20.

jenkins:priority=20

If you have a file /etc/login.conf.db you have to update it from /etc/login.conf using the software cap_mkdb. This creates a hashed database for faster information retrieval when this file is big. By default, that file doesn’t exist and you don’t have to run cap_mkdb. See login.conf(5) for more informations.