It’s possible to play chess using email. This is possible because there are notations like PGN (Portable Game Notation) that describe the state of a game.
By playing on your computer and sending the PGN of the game to your opponent, that person will be able to play their move and send you the new PGN so you can play.
This is quite easy with xboard (which should be available in most bsd/linux/unix distributions), as long as you are aware of the few keybindings.
When you start a game, press Ctrl+E to enter edition mode, this will prevent the AI to play, then make your move.
From there, you can press Ctrl+C to copy the state of the game. You will have something like this in your clipboard.
[Event "Edited game"] [Site "solene.local"] [Date "2020.09.28"] [Round "-"] [White "-"] [Black "-"] [Result "*"] 1. d3 *
You can send this to your opponent, but the only needed data is
d3 which is the PGN notation of the moves. You can throw the rest.
In a more advanced game, you will end up mailing this kind of data:
1. d3 e6 2. e4 f5 3. exf5 exf5 4. Qe2+ Be7 5. Qxe7+ Qxe7+
When you want to play your turn, load that line and press Ctrl+V, you should see the moves happening on the board.
gnuchess allow playing chess in command line.
When you want to start a game, you will have a prompt, type
to not play against the AI. I recommend using
coords to display
coordinates on the axis of the board.
When you type
show board you will have this display:
white KQkq 8 r n b q k b n r 7 p p p p p p p p 6 . . . . . . . . 5 . . . . . . . . 4 . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . 2 P P P P P P P P 1 R N B Q K B N R a b c d e f g h
Then, I can type
d3 I get a display
8 r n b q k b n r 7 p p p p p p p p 6 . . . . . . . . 5 . . . . . . . . 4 . . . . . . . . 3 . . . P . . . . 2 P P P . P P P P 1 R N B Q K B N R a b c d e f g h
From the game, you can save the game using
and load a game using
You can see the list of the moves using