About me: My name is Solène Rapenne, pronouns she/her. I like learning and sharing knowledge. Hobbies: '(BSD OpenBSD Qubes OS Lisp cmdline gaming security QubesOS internet-stuff). I love percent and lambda characters. OpenBSD developer solene@. No AI is involved in this blog.

Contact me: solene at dataswamp dot org or @solene@bsd.network (mastodon).

I'm a freelance OpenBSD, FreeBSD, Linux and Qubes OS consultant, this includes DevOps, DevSecOps, technical writing or documentation work.

If you enjoy this blog, you can sponsor my open source work financially so I can write this blog and contribute to Free Software as my daily job.

Tor part 4: run a relay

Written by Solène, on 08 November 2018.
Tags: #unix #tor

Comments on Fediverse/Mastodon

In this fourth Tor article, I will quickly cover how to run a Tor relay, the Tor project already have a very nice and up-to-date Guide for setting a relay. Those relays are what make Tor usable, with more relay, Tor gets more bandwidth and it makes you harder to trace, because that would mean more traffic to analyze.

A relay server can be an exit node, which will relay Tor traffic to the outside. This implies a lot of legal issues, the Tor project foundation offers to help you if your exit node gets you in trouble.

Remember that being an exit node is optional. Most relays are not exit nodes. They will either relay traffic between relays, or become a guard which is an entry point to the Tor network. The guard gets the request over non-tor network and send it to the next relay of the user circuit.

Running a relay requires a lot of CPU (capable of some crypto) and a huge amount of bandwidth. Running a relay requires at least a bandwidth of 10Mb/s, this is a minimal requirement. If you have less, you can still run a bridge with obfs4 but I won’t cover it here.

When running a relay, you will be able to set a daily/weekly/monthly traffic limit, so your relay will stop relaying when it reach the quota. It’s quiet useful if you don’t have unmeasured bandwidth, you can also limit the bandwidth allowed to Tor.

To get real-time information about your relay, the software Nyx (net/nyx) is a Tor top-like front end which show Tor CPU usage, bandwidth, connections, log in real time.

The awesome Official Tor guide